Some important researchers recommend several steps for developing a comprehensive bilingual special education curriculum. The planning process should involve the parents, the general education teacher, the bilingual teacher, and the special education teacher and the following outlined steps:1. Meet as a team to begin the planning process; outline planning steps.2. Become familiar with the culture and language background of the child as well as his or her education needs.3. Prepare an individual instructional plan with short- and long-term objectives and goals.4. Develop individualized lessons and materials appropriate to the child’s exceptionality.5. Modify individualized lessons and materials to match the child’s needs.6. Refer to resource people for assistance and cooperation in instruction; coordinate services.7. Evaluate the child’s ongoing progress and develop a new individualized education program (IEP), lessons, and materials as needed. Inclusive education offers students many benefits, including access to the general education curriculum and opportunities to interact with their nondisabled peers in ways not possible with other models.The general education teacher (who may or may not be a bilingual teacher) remains responsible for the student, with support from others. Inclusion is a schoolwide approach to education that relies in part on collaborative models in which general and special education teachers coteach or the special education teacher might serve as a consultant.When the student is an English language learner and neither teacher is bilingual or an expert in language development, it becomes essential to add a third collaborator who has this expertise. English language students with disabilities who receive support in general education classrooms need curricular modifications and supplemental materials to support their learning needs and allow them to participate as fully as possible in classroom activities.
Are you the parent of a young child who you believe has Autism or Pervasive Developmental Disorder(PDD)? Are special education personnel in your district refusing to acknowledge this diagnosis, despite a lot of evidence? Many school districts refuse to admit that a child has autism, because they do not want to provide the special education and related services that a child needs! But this tool can be used by special education personnel to see if your child has autism.Below are 9 things that you must know about the ADOS:1. Purpose: Allows an accurate diagnosis of autism and pervasive developmental disorder2. Can be used for children who are 2 years up to adulthood.3. Takes 30-45 minutes for a qualified examiner to use this tool.4. The person using the tool must have prior education, training, and experience in using this type of diagnostic took. They must also have extensive experience with autism and PDD!5. The person using the tool must take a clinical training workshop, and at the end receive a certificate of completion. Be sure and check that any special education personnel using this tool, has a certificate of completion.6. Person should have at least 8 practice sessions to make sure that they are familiar with this diagnostic tool.7. Typically the people who are using this tool are Doctors, Clinical Psychologists, School Psychologists, Speech Pathologists, Certified Occupational Therapists etc.8. While this is not an objective test it is far from subjective. The ADOS is a schedule of observations which has been developed over several decades and has been found to be effective!9. This tool should be used in conjunction with other rating scales, such as the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS)! A full developmental history of the child, a medical history, developmental and academic evaluations, testing of adaptive functioning, and information on the child’s sensory integration function, should also be included. As well as Speech Language evaluation and Occupational Therapy evaluations if needed.Parents can become very frustrated with school districts who refuse to acknowledge that their child has Autism! A private independent evaluator who is trained can also do the ADOS on your child, so you do not have to depend only on school district personnel. Bring any private evaluations to special education personnel and they must consider the results! Keep fighting your child is worth it!
Gaze into little Pauline’s eyes and you can see her shining intelligence. Non-verbal and profoundly autistic since 18 months of age, Pauline, who is 19 now, is no longer silent or non-communicative. Thanks to apps like “What’s the Expression” and “Make Sentences” that she runs on her iPad, Pauline has a voice. Through a revolutionary technique called facilitated communication, Pauline can meaningfully string together words that can express the feelings she wants to convey.Pauline was introduced to the world of autism apps about a couple of years ago. It was then that she started communicating with the help of her iPad. But till then, Pauline’s intelligence was considered to be that of a four or five-year old child, largely because of her childlike behavior and the non-verbal limited sign language she used for communication. After she was introduced to “What’s the Expression” and “Make Sentences” apps, the teen has not only displayed high intelligence, but also a stunning command over English language. Pauline now describes her past life as something chocked in silence.In a recent typing session, Pauline wrote that 2016 has been a remarkable year for her so far because she has learnt several new words and their proper use. The two apps have made her smart and more acceptable in her peer group that mostly includes non-autistic children. These children once used to keep Pauline at a distance. But that has changed, thanks to the autistic child picking up basic sentence making and communication skills.Pauline’s special educator Linda says that she first came across the “What’s the Expression” and “Make Sentences” apps while teaching at a children’s school in Denver. One of her colleagues informed her that iPads and tabs were changing the conventional system of autism education. It was then that she tried out these two apps and was impressed by the features. While the “Make Sentences” app teaches an autistic child how to string together words, the “What’s the Expression” app helps tackle the communication challenges.Linda attended a workshop for these two apps and received mentorship from a number of master educators. The training program helped her learn how to introduce these digital devices in stages. Even though Linda acts as a full-time instructor to autistic people like Pauline, she regularly attends refresher programs.Pauline, on her part, is grateful to Linda who first introduced her to the “What’s the Expression” and “Make Sentences” apps.